Tuesday, 21 June 2011

Cycling Examples Tagging and Comments

This is just a list of helpful tags, links, and text for my clips of Cycling Examples.

Main Tags
Cycling Video Clips "Cycling Examples" Cambridge

Numberplates, if visible in format "xxnn xxx",  "xxnn-xxx", and "xxnnxxx". Checking facility at mycarcheck.com.

Sections below.



Passing and Overtaking

Passing to Close
Highway code rule 213.
Motorcyclists and cyclists may suddenly need to avoid uneven road surfaces and obstacles such as drain covers or oily, wet or icy patches on the road. Give them plenty of room and pay particular attention to any sudden change of direction they may have to make. 
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069858

And more importantly Highway code rule 163.
Overtake only when it is safe and legal to do so. You should give motorcyclists, cyclists and horse riders at least as much room as you would when overtaking a car.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_070314


As the Highway code picture shows, why isn't the person driving all the way over the central line?

Also, observing people cycling is part of the rules of the road. Highway code rule 212.
When passing motorcyclists and cyclists, give them plenty of room (see Rules 162-167). If they look over their shoulder it could mean that they intend to pull out, turn right or change direction. Give them time and space to do so.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069858

Overtaking Round Blind Bends or Summits
This overtake manouevre was started when there was no vision round the corner. If a car had been oncoming the person driving would have been forced back in (possibly into me) very quickly.

Highway Code Rule 166.
DO NOT overtake if there is any doubt, or where you cannot see far enough ahead to be sure it is safe. For example, when you are approaching a corner or bend, a hump bridge, or the brow of a hill.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_070314

Primary and Secondary Postion
People cycling take the lane (the primary position) to stop dangerous or close overtakes. Otherwise they will use the normal (or secondary position) which is around 1 metre out from the kerb. Here's the training from British Cycling, the official body responsible in the UK.
http://www.britishcycling.org.uk/travel/article/trav20111121-Effective-Traffic-Riding-pt-1-0



The IAM (Institute of Advanced Motorists) is also urging people cycling to “claim their lane”. http://www.iam.org.uk/news/latest-news/491-cyclists-take-prime-position-says-iam-book

Car Doors Opening
Although there is the below code, riding in the door zone (where opening doors hit people cycling) is something to be avoided at all costs.

Highway Code Rule 239 (backed up by the RTA).
If you have to stop on the roadside you MUST ensure you do not hit anyone when you open your door – check for cyclists or other traffic.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069860


Signalling

Signalling for All Traffic
Signaling is required. Signals warn and inform other road users, including pedestrians of your intended actions. Highway code rule 103.
Signals warn and inform other road users, including pedestrians (see 'Signals to other road users'), of your intended actions. You should always give clear signals in plenty of time, having checked it is not misleading to signal at that time.
http://http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_070289

Red Lights
Going through a red light is often a charge thrown at people cycling, and for some rightly so. I don't, it breaks Highway code rule 109.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_070289

Different wording between rules 80 and 81 show that it's perfectly legal to cross a Toucan crossing when the light is red. The use of "you MUST" for rule 81 makes it clear that you should not at Cycle-only crossings. No such wording exists for Toucan crossings.
https://www.gov.uk/guidance/the-highway-code/rules-for-cyclists-59-to-82

A recent TfL study shows that despite RLJing being something that the general public believes all people cycling do, it's just not true. The majority of people cycling (84%) obey red traffic lights.http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/businessandpartners/traffic-note-8-cycling-red-lights.pdf

People driving also shouldn't RLJ and will do a lot more damage than people cycling (96% of all injuries after RLJ are caused by people driving).
http://www.ctc.org.uk/resources/Campaigns/1110_Cyclists-behaviour-and-law__4M__brf_rev_.pdf (page 10)


Driving Behaviour

Priority

The general rule for priorities when emerging from crossroads is that right turning traffic should give way to oncoming traffic.
www.learnerdriving.com/learn-to-drive/driving-lesson-briefs/crossroads.htm

Speeding

This lists the speed at which the police (through ACPO) see sufficient to issue a Fixed Penalty Notice. It also shows the speed at which a summons is issued, so would have the process go through the courts, likely resulting in a much heavier penalty.

Currently the two boundaries are at:
  • for FPN, limit + 10% + 2mph, so 24mph in a 20 limit
  • for a summons 
    • up to 40mph, limit +55% +4mph, so 35mph in a 20 limit
    • over 40mph, +26mph, so 86mph in a 60 limit 

http://www.cps.gov.uk/legal/p_to_r/road_traffic_offences_guidance_on_fixed_penalty_notices/

Phoning and Driving
Using a handheld phone whilst driving is illegal in the UK. However, all the studies show that it's not the holding of the phone that is the issue but the call itself.
http://www.dontphoneanddrive.co.uk/

Really Bad or Aggressive Driving
Arguably, something along the lines of Careless Driving really should apply here.
http://www.driving-law.co.uk/offences/careless_driving.asp

Arguably, something along the lines of Dangerous Driving really should apply here.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dangerous_driving

Good Behaviour
I've often criticised people driving for poor overtakes, so here's an example of how to do it.

That kind of thing dissolves all tension and promotes a great stress-free existence for both parties. You get Road Rage? It's because you don't do this.


Parking and Stopping

Pedestrian Crossings
Highway Code rule 191 (backed up in law).
You MUST NOT park on a crossing or in the area covered by the zig-zag lines.
https://www.gov.uk/using-the-road-159-to-203/pedestrian-crossings-191-to-199

Highway Code rule192 (backed up in law).
In queuing traffic, you should keep the crossing clear.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_070339


Loading/Unloading Exemptions (backed up in law).
Yellow Lines and non-mandatory cyclelanes are exempt for the purpose of loading. However, loading and unloading must be a continuous activity and the vehicle must be moved once it is complete. Loading includes the movement of goods to and from premises, checks on the goods delivered and paperwork. You must be able to prove you are acting within the rules for loading and unloading

Places where you cannot stop to load and unload.
- A pedestrian crossing including the area marked by the zig-zag lines
- School keep-clear zig-zag lines
- On a road with double white lines marked in the centre
- A clearway during its hours of operation
- Mandatory cycle lanes (indicated by a solid line)
- Where the vehicle would cause an obstruction, eg within 10 metres of
a junction, or be in a dangerous position
- on single or double yellow line accompanied by short yellow Kerb markings


http://www.fta.co.uk/export/sites/fta/_galleries/downloads/pcns/drivercard_1.pdf



Bad Parking
Highway Code rule 240
DO NOT stop or park on a pedestrian crossing, including the area marked by the zig-zag lines. 
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069860

Highway Code rule 243
DO NOT stop or park:

  • opposite or within 10 metres (32 feet) of a junction, except in an authorised parking space
  • near a school entrance
  • near the brow of a hill or hump bridge
  • opposite a traffic island or (if this would cause an obstruction) another parked vehicle
  • on a bend
  • where you would obstruct cyclists’ use of cycle facilities
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069860

Stopping or Parking in Cycle Lanes
Highway Code Rule 240 (backed up in law)
You MUST NOT stop or park on a tram or cycle lane.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069860

And the 1988 Road Traffic Act, section 21.
Any person who, without lawful authority, drives or parks a vehicle wholly or partly on a cycle track is guilty of an offence. Unless:
  • saving life, or extinguishing fire or meeting any other like emergency
  • maintaining of any structure or other work situated in the cycle track or its verges
  • undertaking work on water, sewerage electricity, gas, or telecomms network
http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1988/52/section/21

The Freight Trade Association also say delivery stopping should not be done in cyclelanes.
http://www.fta.co.uk/export/sites/fta/_galleries/downloads/pcns/drivercard_1.pdf [PDF, bottom of page 3]


Driving in Cycle Lanes
Highway Code Rule 140 (backed up in law)
You MUST NOT drive or park in a cycle lane marked by a solid white line.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_070308

And the 1988 Road Traffic Act, section 21.
Any person who, without lawful authority, drives or parks a vehicle wholly or partly on a cycle track is guilty of an offence. Unless:
  • saving life, or extinguishing fire or meeting any other like emergency
  • maintaining of any structure or other work situated in the cycle track or its verges
  • undertaking work on water, sewerage electricity, gas, or telecomms network
http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1988/52/section/21

Parking causing an Obstruction
Highway Code Rule 242 (backed up in law, RTA 1988, sect 22 & CUR reg 103)
You MUST NOT leave your vehicle or trailer in a dangerous position or where it causes any unnecessary obstruction of the road.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069860

Highway Code Rule 243
DO NOT stop or park where you would obstruct cyclists’ use of cycle facilities except when forced to do so by stationary traffic.
https://www.gov.uk/waiting-and-parking/parking-239-to-247

Stopping on Pedestrain Crossings
Highway Code Rules 192 and 240 (which is also backed up in law under the RTRA).
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_070339
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069860

Car Doors Opening
Although there is the below code, riding in the door zone (where opening doors hit people cycling) is something to be avoided at all costs.

Highway Code Rule 239 (backed up in law).
If you have to stop on the roadside you MUST ensure you do not hit anyone when you open your door – check for cyclists or other traffic. 
https://www.gov.uk/waiting-and-parking/parking-239-to-247

This is backed up in law (CUR reg 105).
http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1986/1078/regulation/105/made


Cycle Lanes

People Cycling in Cycle Lanes
Highway Code Rule63
Use of cycle lanes is not compulsory.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069837

Too Fast for Shared Path
For those saying I should use the cycle path, can I remind you of the advise from the Department of Transport (http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/consultations/archive/2004/ltnwc/annexdcodeofconductnoticefor1688) which tells me I should not use it at my speed. I'm sure the pedestrians would agree with that, and I'd like to protect them too.

ASLs
Highway Code Rule 178 (backed up by the RTA).
Advanced stop lines. Some signal-controlled junctions have advanced stop lines to allow cycles to be positioned ahead of other traffic. Motorists, including motorcyclists, MUST stop at the first white line reached if the lights are amber or red and should avoid blocking the way or encroaching on the marked area at other times, e.g. if the junction ahead is blocked. If your vehicle has proceeded over the first white line at the time that the signal goes red, you MUST stop at the second white line, even if your vehicle is in the marked area. Allow cyclists time and space to move off when the green signal shows.

http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_070332

Stopping or Parking in Cycle Lanes
Highway Code Rule 240 (backed up in law)
You MUST NOT stop or park on a tram or cycle lane.

http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069860

Driving in Cycle Lanes
Highway Code Rule 140 (backed up in law)
You MUST NOT drive or park in a cycle lane marked by a solid white line. Do not drive or park in a cycle lane marked by a broken white line unless it is unavoidable.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_070308


Pedestrians

Shared Paths
As people cycling would expect people driving to look out for their needs, people walking have a right to expect the same from people cycling.

Unfortunately, some shared paths do not help this and many cause conflict between people. People cycling do want to keep speed up as, unlike a car, all of their travelling is propelled by their own efforts. However, care should always be taken around people walking who can easily change direction without looking. This is not dissimilar from the Highway Code rule 213 where people driving need to look out for people cycling changing direction.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069858

Here are a couple of examples of looking out for pedestrians.
A Guide to Sharing Space. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qr3FRYNPbzc
Crowd on pavement. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LeRjTVly63o

Also note that people driving should be aware that people cycling may need to make sudden changes whilst dealing with people walking. Highway Code rule 213.
http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/TravelAndTransport/Highwaycode/DG_069858

Dog Walkers
I support dog walkers and pedestrians, and always give way to them and their pets. However, some dog owners fail in their responsibilities towards other path users.

Dog walkers should always be in control of their animals at all times. Note that should the dog cause an accident, it'd be me asking for compensation from the owner. I'd really hate that, especially if the animal was harmed.

Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 section 3.
http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1991/65/section/3
http://www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2010/9/contents (for Scotland)


Ideals!

Cycling For Everyone from Dutch Cycling Embassy on Vimeo.


Dutch Superhighway

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